A black truffle, the popular fruiting body of an underground ascomycete organism, mainly one of three species from the family Tuberculata, is an edible and flavorful mushroom with a sweet flavor. Also known as black mold fungi, truffles also include other fungi such as the white truffle.
Truffles belong to the Ascomycota family (Ascomycetaceae). Truffles are found in North America, Europe, and Asia. A variety of names are applied to them and they are used widely for their distinctive flavor and the medicinal properties they contain. Some of them have even been considered aphrodisiacs (e.g., the white truffle mushroom) and food sources (e.g., the black truffle).
Truffles are formed by the attachment of spores to decaying plant material. The fungi that cause black mold produce spores that will hatch inside dead plant parts when they decay. The fungi reproduce rapidly, resulting in rapid growth and development.
Truffles have a sweet flavor and have been traditionally used as food, both as food for humans and as medicine. Their savory flavor and texture make them very appetizing, particularly to those who do not like too much sugar in their foods. The salt from the mushroom makes these tasty treats even more palatable and provides some health benefits. This is because the fungi that produce the black truffle can metabolize the salt.
The black truffle sea salt contains lignin, which has antifungal properties that contribute to its use as a natural remedy for urinary tract infections and to fight infection by yeast and fungal organisms, such as Candida Albicans. In fact, a recent study indicated that the black truffle's effect on these microorganisms was greater than its effect on normal bacteria. According to this study, a study published in 2020 in the British Journal of Nutrition, the fungus's ability to metabolize lignin had an anti-fungal effect in this particular patient. While the fungus in normal cultures did not metabolize the substance, in this case, it was affected.
The active ingredient of black truffle salt is called carvacrol and it is also called a component of Truvia and Trigoletto. These are the brand names under which the salt is sold worldwide.
Since black truffles are known to contain traffic and trills, two chemical substances that are responsible for the mushroom's taste, scientists are exploring how the two react together to produce the desirable flavor of black truffles. One of these compounds is a type of flavonoid called quercetin. This substance is present in a wide range of foods, including carrots, blueberries, bilberries, figs, raisins, peanuts, walnuts, and other fruits and vegetables.
Another chemical in black truffles, called quercetin, is a kind of flavone and this has been shown to increase blood flow in areas that are damaged by inflammation, such as the kidneys and the lining of the arteries. This is possible through the enhancement of vascular blood flow and is believed to be useful in reducing cardiovascular disease. Other benefits of quercetin include slowing down the progression of arthritis and in particular preventing arteriosclerosis. It has also been found to help reduce high cholesterol.
Recent studies have also suggested that black truffle salt may also be helpful for treating diabetes. Diabetics often have difficulty in regulating their blood sugar and many lose control in the process. It has been found that quercetin, one of the most powerful flavonoids in the black truffle, may help to control blood sugar in diabetics.
Quercetin is known to inhibit the production of insulin, and it has been shown to have this effect in laboratory animals as well as in diabetic patients. Diabetic patients who took quercetin, but not glucose, for more than thirty days experienced significant improvements in their condition. Moreover, quercetin appears to slow down the progression of diabetes.
Diabetics have been shown to benefit from taking black truffles as well, and one study in the journal Diabetologia showed that black truffles reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure. When compared with a placebo, these effects were more pronounced in diabetics taking high doses. There is no clear evidence, however, to show whether or not quercetin is effective at lowering blood pressure in non-diabetics. There are, however, some reports that it has been shown to reduce cholesterol levels.
In conclusion, black truffles are considered an important component of a healthy and well-balanced diabetic diet. They seem to be a good choice in helping diabetics maintain a healthy blood sugar level and may also help prevent complications of diabetes, such as coronary artery disease and kidney stones.